OSPF & IS-IS Router ID
When you think about Router ID in any link state protocol two requirements come to mind:
- Each router must be identified by a Router ID and an Area to exist in.
- This Router ID must be unique inside a single IGP domain.
IS-IS refers to the this ID as a System ID (SysID) and OSPF refers to this ID as a Router ID (RID). There are some best practices that can be used to ensure the uniqueness of the router ID within the IGP domain.
In a previous post Mohammed discussed the OSPF RID, so I will focus on the SysID used by IS-IS in the following points:
- Both SysID and Area ID is configured with the same command.
- Unlike OSPF RID the SysID in IS-IS must be configured manually.
- The NET address consists of the following fields:
- The AFI, the Authority and Format Identifier (1 byte). This usually set to 49 in IP networks which means locally assigned.
- The Area ID is a variable length field from 0 t0 12 bytes.
- The SysID is a 6 bytes length field, this must be unique for every router.
- The N-selector always set to 00 for any intermediate system (1byte).
Now to make sure that every Router in the network has its own SysID and that this ID is unique, one of the following methods are used which you can choose from:
- Use the MAC address as a SysID. The MAC address is 6 bytes long as the SysID and it is globally unique so it satisfies the requirements. However, MAC addresses are not so reader friendly and routers sometimes does not have broadcast interfaces to use its MAC.
- Use the loopback address to form the SysID. Example Lo:192.168.1.1 --> 1921.1681.0001. I prefer this method myself because it keeps things unified. You can also encode the dotted decimal values into hex.
- Sequentially assign the SysID to routers. Example: 0000.000.0001, 0000.0000.0002 .... This method is simple and reliable if you have good documentation.
You are free to choose the method that best works for you and suits your network.
You don't have to cook fancy or complicated masterpieces - just good food from fresh ingredients. Julia Child